Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) is a sugar and salt solution used to treat dehydration and was initially created as the go-to liquid for the body to regain lost energy after having diarrhea.
ORS contains glucose, electrolytes, and a substance known as a base that balances the acid. Although you could rehydrate by injecting it into your bloodstream, ORS is much simpler to use because you merely drink it.
How does oral rehydration solution work?
Because glucose increases sodium and water absorption in the small intestine, ORS is effective (sugar). The two are transported across the small intestine’s wall simultaneously by a process known as “the sodium-glucose cotransport mechanism.
The toxins that cause diarrheal disorders, like those from food poisoning, boost the small intestine’s water production but do not prevent water from being taken up by this sodium-glucose transport system. So, using ORS when you have diarrhea won’t cure you, but it will hydrate you.
How to Prepare ORS at home
- Pour 1 liter of water into a deep non-stick pan and bring to a boil
- For about 30 minutes, keep the dish covered with a lid and let it cool.
- Add 1/2 tsp of salt, this will help in restoring the energy that was lost during diarrhea.
- 6 tsp of sugar should be added
- Stir the contents properly for about 30 seconds
- Your ORS drink is ready. Sip in small quantities throughout the day.
- Have a kidney disorder
- Are taking heart disease or blood pressure medications
- Have heart failure
- Have diabetes
Your age will determine how much ORS you need, this is due to the fact that how much fluid your body requires to function depends on your age.
|Weight or age||Dosage|
|7–10 pounds||at least 2 ounces (4 tablespoons or 1/4 cup) per hour|
|11–15 pounds||at least 2 1/2 ounces (5 tablespoons) per hour|
|16–20 pounds||at least 3 1/2 ounces (1/2 cup) per hour|
|21–40 pounds||at least 6 1/2 ounces (3/4 cup) per hour|
|41–60 pounds||at least 10 ounces (1 1/4 cups) per hour|
|10 years or older||up to 68 ounces (8 1/2 cups) per day|